The lesser known Hanyanling terracotta Army

The lesser known Hanyanling terracotta Army

Sunday 5 November 2017, 3 pm

5cf9eaa0977eb59f764089e5fd1459848fa6964f

Bob Ollis is an expert in ceramics and Chinese antiquities . After a professional career in the British Army having served in various countries, the lure of the history of the Eastern Mediterranian prompted an interest in the silk road and cultures further east. China soon became the subject of study and, after obtaining a solid base in ancient Chinese cultures, founded an antique company specialising in items from the Neolithic period (3000 BC) to the Ming dynasty (1368 – 1644 AD).

After a short period, the business was joined by Anne-Marie Oostermeijer who herself dealt in Chinese furniture, and Ollis and Oostermeijer Chinese Antiquities was born. We have shown at various European Antique fairs for more than 20 years and, continue to provide items of quality to collectors and institutions but, also continue to update, on a daily basis, our knowledge of one of the worlds most fascinating cultures.

Considered to be the most important discovery of the last 25 years, the Yangling Mausoleum is the joint tomb of the Western Han Dynasty Emperor JingDi (Liuqi) and his Empress, Wang.

This short account is intended to highlight the importance of this discovery and of its significance in MINGQI. Most people are aware of the terracotta army of the First Emperor, Qin. Whilst digging for water in 1974, peasant farmers near Xian stumbled across what was to become the most famous discovery in Chinese history.

About 1 km from the mausoleum  pits were disovered,  containing life-size, terracotta statues of soldiers. Subsequent excavation revealed a complete army of about 6,000 in battle formation and accompanied by horses and chariots. This was the army that was to accompany Qin in the afterlife.

Now a National treasure, the excavated pits and reconstructed statues can be viewed by the public. Excavations are still continuing at the site and it is expected that further discoveries are imminent.

When Qin died in 206 BC the Imperial Han dynasty was born. The Han were only too aware of the existence of the army as it took over 25 years to complete and required thousands of workmen and vast amounts of materials to construct. They continued the practice of burying terracotta statues in underground chambers for use in the afterlife but never on such a grand scale as Qin’s army.

The first three Han Emperors were known to have had lavish burials with all that they could need in the next life but it was fourth Emperor, JingDi, who died in 141 BC, who attempted to emulate Qin and his vast, subterranean army.

 

The Housekeepers’s Tips, Tales & Tipples

The Housekeeper’s Tips, Tales & Tipples

Sunday 21 January 2018, 3 pm

2015-01-09_1600Christine Robinson, who spoke to us twice before, entered service at Chatsworth in 1974. Nestling in the heart of the beautiful Peak District and home of the Cavendish family and the Dukes of Devonshire for nearly 500 years, Chatsworth House is perhaps one of Britain’s greatest stately homes. Christine Robinson spent three summer vacations working at Chatsworth whilst a student of history at Newcastle upon Tyne University, and on her graduation in 1977 she began working full-time with the Chatsworth team. Intending only to stay for one year, she, like many others before and since, fell under Chatsworth’s spell and she retired as Head Housekeeper in 2015 after 38 years’ service. She still lives in the Estate village of Edensor in the heart of Chatsworth’s vibrant community.

In 2014 Christine published her memoirs, Chatsworth: The Housekeeper’s Tale, and following the success of this book, she was prompted to write a second book – Chatsworth: The Housekeeper’s Tips, Tales and Tipples (2017).

Her talk by the same title is an illustrated PowerPoint talk taking a light-hearted tour of Chatsworth, exploring the history of everyday objects in all our homes, and revealing more of Chatsworth’s hidden stories from her 40 years’ experience of working at one of the best-loved houses in England.

Christine is still involved with life at Chatsworth, volunteering for special events and giving talks at Chatsworth from time to time, and she also enjoys delivering talks about Chatsworth and the Chatsworth Estate to a variety of groups of all sizes, from 20 to 900, both locally and further afield, including successful lecture tours of the Netherlands and Switzerland.

 

 

 

 

 

The City of London, its Traditions & History

The City of London, its Traditions & History

Sunday 18th March 2018, 3 pm

Chris Allen is a senior guide at St Paul’s Cathedral with responsibility for one of the 9 teams of volunteers and guides who greet and assist visitors to the cathedral.  He is also one of the teachers  who train new guides and is the editor and co-writer of the cathedral’s Guide Training Handbook.  Chris is a London University graduate in Economics and Politics who worked for Hoechst, a German Chemical Company, for over thirty years becoming the Chairman and Managing Director of one of their IT subsidiary companies, HiServ UK .  He retired in 2001 and soon after became involved in St Paul’s Cathedral as a working volunteer.  In addition to his guiding responsibilities he is Assistant Secretary of the Cathedral Wandsmen, a group of sixty men and women who act as Ushers for the Sunday services as well as for the many ceremonial and special services. Active in the City of London, where he  is a Freeman of  the  City, he is a Liveryman and a  member of the Court  of the Worshipful Company of Tobacco Pipemakers, a Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Bakers and immediate past Chairman of the Queenhithe Ward Club, one of the twenty four ward clubs of the City.

The City of  London is unique in the UK in having a separate governance structure dating back over 800 years. It has its own Lord Mayor elected each year by the Liverymen of the City who meet in the ancient Guildhall in the heart of the city on midsummer day to choose the candidates.

There are over 100 Livery Companies ancient and modern representing trades old and new and some representing trades which no longer exist.  They all support charitable causes raising over £45 million last year.

There are two Sheriffs also elected by the Liverymen whose office is more ancient than the Lord Mayor’s. They support the Lord Mayor in his year of office and live in the Old Bailey which is the central criminal court, where they look after the Judges.

National Trust’s Eyam Hall

National Trust’s Eyam Hall

Sunday 15 April 2018, 3pm

Eyam HallLois McGill is a retired higher education lecturer in I.T. with a keen interest in history and the theatre.  Since retirement, she volunteers as a guide at Eyam Hall, the village being better known as the Plague Village whose inhabitants chose to isolate themselves in the 17th century, so stopping the spread of the plague but at a great cost to themselves.  She also helps at the beautifully restored Victorian Buxton Opera House.  She is a keen walker and has walked many of the UK’s long distance paths and belongs to a local dance team keeping alive the clog dancing and Appalachian dancing traditions.

The small village of Eyam nestles in the Derbyshire hills and you need to make a detour to get there as it is not on the road to anywhere else, but in the 17th century it was a bustling village with 12 pubs and village green stocks to keep the rowdiness of the local lead-miners in check.

Then in September 1665 the plague arrived.  A bundle of cloth from London, where the plague had already killed 25,000, arrived at the cottage of George Vicars.  Within a  week several of the family were dead.  More died that Autumn and then the numbers lessened over the winter to begin again with a vengeance the next Spring.  The Vicar, William Mompesson, came up with a plan.  He persuaded the villagers to quarantine themselves – this they did for a year at a great cost – about 300 villagers died.  It did halt the spread of the disease in the area.  The tales of grief and sacrifice, but also greed and shame are many.

Living in Eyam at the time of the plague was one Thomas Wright, a wealthy landowner and 5 years after the plague he bought a dwelling and farmland from a Thomas Brae. He rebuilt the house in the Jacobean style and gave it to his son, John, as a wedding present on his marriage to Elizabeth Kniveton (much more to say of this lady).  The house has remained in the Wright family for 12 generations and still belongs to them; the National Trust just look after it and open it to the public.

It is the stories of these 12 generations which tell the story of England through four centuries.  The Wrights began as wealthy lead mine owners, then military men then in the 19th and 20th century became middle class professionals – doctors, lawyers, farmers and vicars.

The house has barely altered – the last major change was in 1700 when the kitchen was changed to a dining room (previously the main hall was more medieval in usage and multi-purpose – everyone from the lowest to the highest dining together) and the kitchen wing added.  Since then a corridor was put in upstairs, (in 1672 corridors would have been considered a waste of space);  privacy was not an issue and minor cosmetic changes have occurred but Elizabeth, the first lady of the house, would still recognise it today.

 

Shakespeare’s Literary Lives: The Author as Character in Fiction & Film

Shakespeare’s Literary Lives: The author as Character in Fiction & Film

Sunday 12th March 2017, 3 pm

 

paul_franssen_smallPaul Franssen (1955) is a lecturer in older English literature at the English Department of Utrecht University. He has written many articles on the works of Shakespeare and his contemporaries, co-edited scholarly volumes of articles on Shakespeare and War (Palgrave, 2008) and Shakespeare and European Politics (Associated University Press, 2008), and has recently published a monograph on Shakespeare as a literary character, entitled Shakespeare’s Literary Lives (Cambridge University Press, 2016).

On 23 April 2016, we celebrated the four hundredth anniversary of William Shakespeare’s death (1564-1616). Dr. Paul Franssen will speak about the genius of Shakespeare. After a brief biographical introduction, he will first address Shakespeare’s rise to canonical status, both in the UK and on the Continent, particularly the Low Countries. Finally, he will investigate Shakespeare’s current fame, and ask what is its basis? Continue reading

Russia and Europe: What Next?

John%20Pilkington%20%20Balkan%20tripRussia and Europe: What Next?

Sunday 22nd January 2017, 3 pm

 

John Pilkington has been called “one of Britain’s greatest tellers of travellers’ tales”.
In 1983, after journeys in Africa and Latin America, he completed a 500-mile solo crossing of the western Nepal Himalaya, and told the story in his first book Into Thin Air. His interest in Asia grew further with the opening in 1986 of the border between Pakistan and China, making it possible – for the first time in forty years – to retrace virtually the whole of the Silk Road. John was one of the first modern travellers to do so, and he wrote about the journey in An Adventure on the Old Silk Road. This was followed in 1991 by An Englishman in Patagonia; recounting eight months spent exploring the southern most tip of South America.
In 2000 he became one of only four people in modern times to walk the 1,600-mile Royal Road of the Incas in the Andes of Ecuador and Peru. In 2003 he explored the Mekong River and, with two Tibetans, reached and mapped its source at over 17,000 feet. In 2006 he turned his attention to the Sahara Desert, and joined a camel caravan carrying salt for 450 miles from the mines of Taoudenni to Timbuktu.

Passions are running high in Ukraine and the breakaway states of the Caucasus. Vladimir Putin’s adventures in Ukraine took the West rather by surprise. But in some ways I think they followed a pattern that goes back more than a century to the legendary ‘Great Game’ between Russia and Britain in Victorian times. Continue reading

Travels with Charles

Travels with Charles by Jos Paardekooper

Sunday 20th November 2016, 3 pm

 

imagesJos Paardekooper (1949) has been employed in Higher Vocational Education in Deventer since 1975 after completing his studies of Dutch language and literature and Philosophy of Language at Leiden University, originally as a teacher of Dutch language and literature, but later as a teacher of Culture and Society. He frequently delivers talks and publishes in the field of cultural history and literature. From 2007-2009 he was Poet of the City of Deventer. He has been studying the Russian language for a few years.

Charles Dickens made two long journeys through the United States. Even during his first journey (1842/43), when he had only published a few famous novels, he was not only a legend in England but also on the other side of the Atlantic. His experiences with the “new world”, which were not only positive, were laid down in a delightful travelogue, American Notes, which was published shortly after his return to England. Continue reading

BBC – its Past, its Future and its Relationship with Holland

Photo Lis HowellBBC – its Past, its Future and its Relationship with Holland by Lis Howell

Sunday 30th October 2016, 3 pm

 

Lis Howell is a major award-winning journalist and broadcasting executive who has worked for BBC, ITV, Channel 4, and Sky News. She was Senior Vice-President at Flextech Television (later Virgin Media) where she founded Living TV, now a key channel on Sky.

Prior to that she was Managing Editor of Sky News where she produced their coverage of the first Gulf War from Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. She won a Royal Television Society Award for coverage of the Lockerbie disaster from ITV Border when she was the first female Head of News at ITV.

She was a television reporter and presenter at Granada and Tyne Tees and began her career in journalism as a producer and reporter at BBC Radio Leeds. In 1999 she chaired the Guardian International Edinburgh Television Festival. In 2001 she attended the prestigious Harvard Business School Advanced Management Programme. Continue reading

Oxford & Christ Church College

photoOxford & Christ Church College by Maureen Nicholas

Sunday 17th April 2016, 3 pm

 

Maureen Nicholas was born in Lancashire and after university entered Lloyds Bank executer and trustee department and worked in St. James’s street in London. After her son went to preparatory school she took a teacher’s certificate at Sussex university and taught mathematics at Brighton College. During that period she was involved in various organisations in Sussex and did a fair amount of public speaking. Continue reading

Erasmus in England

Erasmus in England

Sunday 6 March 2016, 3.00 pm by Richard Parker

img020Richard Parker MA BD studied at Balliol College, Oxford (Philosophy, Politics and Economics) and King’s College, London (Theology). For most of his working life he has been an independent consultant in training and management development. He is a guide at St Paul’s Cathedral, London, and is an occasional preacher at his local church in London.Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536), also known as ‘Erasmus of Rotterdam’, was a leading figure in the intellectual movement that became known as ‘humanism’. At a time when ancient manuscripts of biblical texts were being discovered, he produced an important new translation of the New Testament into Latin. Now that printing was widely available, this became influential in supporting the Protestant Reformation in Europe.

Erasmus was ordained as a Catholic priest in 1492. While generally in favour of reform in the Catholic Church, he wanted to reform it from within and so remained a Catholic priest for the rest of his life, though never active in parish work. Continue reading